Home Business German energy seen falling 2.7% in 2022, same as in Jan-Sept

German energy seen falling 2.7% in 2022, same as in Jan-Sept

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FRANKFURT — German primary energy

consumption should fall by 2.7% year-on-year in 2022 as high

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prices discourage higher usage and drive investments in energy

efficiency, industry statistics group AGEB said on Wednesday,

recording a similar decline in the first nine months.

Faced with the worst energy crisis since the oil shock of

the 1970s, Germany is encouraging lower consumption as it

scrambles to find alternative gas suppliers to Russia and to

help consumers struggling with record high energy bills.

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In its January to September 2022 report, AGEB said Europe’s

biggest economy used 292.2 million tonnes of coal equivalent –

an industry standard measure – in the period, down from 300.2

million tonnes a year earlier.

“The decrease is mainly due to savings resulting from higher

energy prices and warmer weather,” it said in a press release.

Primary energy refers to raw energy sources such as fossil

fuels and renewables not converted into other forms.

Consumption in 2021 as a whole was at 416.1 million tonnes,

up 2.6% on the year before due to relatively cold weather and

the economic recovery from the worst of the coronavirus

pandemic.

Supporting energy usage, the first nine months of 2022 were

characterized by a rise in the population by 1.1% and an

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increase in gross domestic product (GDP) by 1.9% but the latter

metric is expected to fall in the fourth quarter, AGEB said.

Post COVID-19 recovery in the transport sector drove

consumption of crude oil and products higher, it added.

In power generation, more coal was used because of high gas

prices and because weather patterns and closure of nuclear

reactors curbed hydroelectric and nuclear output.

This pushed up CO2 emissions by 2% in January to September,

AGEB said, estimating that in the full year, emissions should

fall by just over 1%.

Here are details of energy use in million tonnes coal

equivalents, allowing for rounding errors:

ENERGY SOURCE Q1-3, Q1-3, PCT PCT SHARE OF

2021 2022 CHANGE TOTAL USE IN

YR/YR Q1-3, 2022

Oil 96.7 101.7 + 5.2 34.8

Natural gas 78.4 69.0 – 12.1 23.6

Hard coal 26.0 29.0 + 11.9 9.9

Lignite 27.3 29.5 + 8.0 10.1

Nuclear energy 19.2 9.7 – 49.6 3.3

Renewables 48.4 50.5 + 4.2 17.3

Foreign power – 1.4 – 2.6 … – 0.9

trade balance

Others 5.5 5.4 – 1.2 1.9

TOTAL 300.2 292.2 – 2.7 100

*One million tonnes coal equivalent unit equals 29.308

petajoules

(Reporting by Vera Eckert, editing by Emelia Sithole-Matarise)



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