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U.S. dollar slides as markets re-evaluate Fed rate path

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LONDON/NEW YORK — The U.S. dollar slipped on Friday and was on track for its first

weekly decline this month, as traders dialed down bets on where interest rates may peak and brought forward

their views on the timing of interest rate cuts to counter a possible recession.

A significant factor this week has been the fall in oil and commodity prices, which has eased inflation

fears and allowed equity markets to rebound. This has eroded the safe-haven bid that has been boosting the

dollar against other major currencies.

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“Falling commodity prices could help pull headline inflation prints downward – particularly into the

autumn months – reducing the need for aggressive monetary tightening,” said Karl Schamotta, chief market

strategist at payments company Corpay in Toronto.

“Mid-curve interest rate expectations are also falling as market participants bet the Fed will

overtighten in response to rising consumer inflation expectations – and then be forced into reversing

direction,” he added.

U.S. rate futures priced in a 73% probability of a 75 basis-point increase at the July meeting. For

September the market has factored in a 50-bps rise.

In late morning New York trading, the dollar index, which measures the U.S. unit against six

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major currencies, fell 0.3% to 104.06.

The safe-haven greenback slipped further after data showed new home sales jumped 10.7% to a seasonally

adjusted annual rate of 696,000 units last month. May’s sales pace was revised higher to 629,000 units from

the previously reported 591,000 units.

The University of Michigan consumer sentiment survey showed mixed results, with sentiment worsening in

June to 50, from a final reading in May of 58. But the reading on five-year inflation expectations eased to

3.1 from the preliminary 3.3% estimate in mid-June.

The dollar, up around 9% this year, has lost some of its shine since investors started betting the Fed

could slow the rate-tightening pace following another 75 basis-point increase in July. They now see rates

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peaking next March around 3.5% and falling nearly 20 bps by July 2023.

This rate hike repricing sent 10-year Treasury yields to two-week lows, while the dollar index has lost

0.5% this week.

For now though, Fed Chair Jerome Powell stressed the central bank’s “unconditional” commitment to taming

inflation. Fed Governor Michelle Bowman also supported 50 bps hikes for “the next few” meetings

after July.

Analysts noted terminal rate repricing across the developed world as recession fears grow.

“The repricing in the market … has held the dollar back but an offsetting force is the risk of a

global downturn. The Fed is pretty much on autopilot. Until they take their foot off the brakes, dollar

weakness will be limited,” BMO Capital Markets strategist Stephen Gallo said.

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“Rate hikes are being taken out of the euro and sterling markets too,” he noted.

The Japanese yen, sensitive to changes in U.S. yields, was down 0.2% at 135.20 per dollar.

The euro rose 0.2% to $1.0574.

The greenback’s slide boosted even commodity-focused currencies such as the Australian dollar and

Norwegian crown. The Aussie ticked up 0.7% to US$0.6944, though it remained on track for a third

straight weekly decline.

The Norwegian crown, fresh off Thursday’s 50 basis-point rate hike, was up 1.0% at 9.871 per dollar

.

The Swiss franc touched the highest since early March against the euro at 1.0055, rising 0.5% on the day

.

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Currency bid prices at 11:07 AM (1507 GMT)

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Description RIC Last U.S. Close Pct Change YTD Pct High Bid Low Bid

Previous Change

Session

Dollar index 104.0300 104.4000 -0.34% 8.746% +104.5100 +103.9400

Euro/Dollar $1.0557 $1.0523 +0.33% -7.13% +$1.0571 +$1.0513

Dollar/Yen 135.0750 134.9700 +0.08% +17.34% +135.2900 +134.3600

Euro/Yen 142.58 141.98 +0.42% +9.41% +142.7100 +141.4300

Dollar/Swiss 0.9544 0.9611 -0.68% +4.65% +0.9632 +0.9522

Sterling/Dollar $1.2305 $1.2262 +0.36% -9.01% +$1.2320 +$1.2243

Dollar/Canadian 1.2906 1.2997 -0.70% +2.07% +1.2999 +1.2906

Aussie/Dollar $0.6949 $0.6895 +0.80% -4.38% +$0.6951 +$0.6889

Euro/Swiss 1.0077 1.0114 -0.37% -2.82% +1.0138 +1.0051

Euro/Sterling 0.8577 0.8583 -0.07% +2.11% +0.8596 +0.8562

NZ $0.6321 $0.6277 +0.73% -7.62% +$0.6327 +$0.6277

Dollar/Dollar

Dollar/Norway 9.8570 9.9750 -1.01% +12.08% +9.9780 +9.8620

Euro/Norway 10.4091 10.4953 -0.82% +3.96% +10.5146 +10.3595

Dollar/Sweden 10.1179 10.1702 -0.29% +12.20% +10.1878 +10.1043

Euro/Sweden 10.6816 10.7126 -0.29% +4.37% +10.7150 +10.6770

(Reporting by Sujata Rao in London and Gertrude Chavez-Dreyfuss in New York; Additional reporting by Kevin

Buckland in Tokyo; Editing by Hugh Lawson, Emelia Sithole-Matarise and Richard Chang)

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